A coffeehouse, coffee shop, or café is an establishment which primarily serves hot coffee, related coffee beverages (e.g., espresso, cappuccino, caffè latte), tea and other hot beverages. Many cafés also serve some type of food, such as pastries, muffins or light snacks. Coffeehouses range from owner-operated small businesses to large multinational companies such as Starbucks.
In continental Europe, a café is a traditional type of coffeehouse, but elsewhere the term "cafe" may also refer to a tea room, small and cheap restaurant (colloquially a "caff"), transport cafe, or other casual eating and drinking place.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Classic Cafes | London's vintage Formica caffs! )〕 A coffeehouse may share some of the same characteristics of a bar or restaurant, but it is different from a cafeteria. Many coffee houses in the Middle East, and in West Asian immigrant districts in the Western world, offer ''shisha'' (''nargile'' in Turkish and Greek), flavored tobacco smoked through a hookah. Espresso bars are a type of coffeehouse that specialize in serving espresso and espresso-based drinks.
From a cultural standpoint, coffeehouses largely serve as centers of social interaction: the coffeehouse provides patrons with a place to congregate, talk, write, read, entertain one another, or pass the time, whether individually or in small groups. Since the development of Wi-Fi, coffeehouses with this capability have also become places for patrons to access the Internet on their laptops and tablet computers. A coffeehouse can serve as an informal club for its regular members.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title= Coffeehouse )〕 As early as the 1950s Beatnik era and the 1960s folk music scene, coffeehouses have hosted singer-songwriter performances, typically in the evening.〔Joan Shelley Rubin, Paul S. Boyer, Professor Scott E. Casper. ''The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History.''
Oxford University Press USA, 2013. "Bob Dylan", p. 317〕
Coffeehouses in Mecca became a concern as places for political gatherings to the imams who banned them, and the drink, for Muslims between 1512 and 1524. In 1530, the first coffeehouse was opened in Damascus〔http://www.tomstandage.com/6G.html〕 and not long after there were many coffeehouses in Cairo.
The Ottoman chronicler İbrahim Peçevi reports in his writings (1642–49) about the opening of the first coffeehouse in Istanbul:
Various legends involving the introduction of coffee to Istanbul at a "Kiva Han" in the late 15th century circulate in culinary tradition, but with no documentation.
The 17th-century French traveler and writer Jean Chardin gave a lively description of the Persian coffeehouse scene:
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』