Callinus (, ''Kallinos'') was an ancient Greek elegiac poet who lived in the city of Ephesus in Asia Minor in the mid-7th century BC. His poetry is representative of the genre of martial exhortation elegy in which Tyrtaeus also specialized and which both Archilochus and Mimnermus appear to have composed.〔.〕 Along with these poets, all his near contemporaries, Callinus was considered the inventor of the elegiac couplet by some ancient critics.〔. Cf. Clement of Alexandria, ''Stromata'' 1.21.131, "Semonides is assigned to the era of Archilochus; Callinus is not much older" (, cf. Orion, ''Etymologia'' s.v. ), and Terentianus 1721–2,"People are unsure who was the first author to fashion the pentameter: some do not hesitate to say it was Callinus" (''Pentametrum dubitant quis primus finxerit auctor: quidam non dubitant dicere Callinoum'').〕
He resided in Ephesus in Asia Minor.〔Herodian, ''De orthographia'' s.v. , Photius, ''Bibliotheca'' cod. 239, p. 319b12.〕
Only a few fragments of the Callinus' poetry have survived. One of the longest fragments, consisting of 21 lines of verse, is a patriotic exhortation to his fellow Ephesians urging them to fight the invading Cimmerians, who were menacing the Greek colonies in Asia Minor:
Works of martial elegy such as this often allude to the language and the thematic content of Homer's ''Iliad.''〔.〕 It is likely that Callinus performed his poetry at symposia.〔, .〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
| 翻訳と辞書 : 翻訳のためのインターネットリソース|
Copyright(C) kotoba.ne.jp 1997-2016. All Rights Reserved.