Hephaestus (, or ; eight spellings; Ancient Greek: ''Hēphaistos'') is the Greek god of blacksmiths, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metals, metallurgy, fire and volcanoes.〔Walter Burkert, ''Greek Religion'' 1985: III.2.ii; see coverage of Lemnos-based traditions and legends at Mythic Lemnos)〕 Hephaestus' Roman equivalent is Vulcan. In Greek mythology, Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Hera, the king and queen of the gods. In another version, he was Hera's parthenogenous child, rejected by his mother because of his deformity and thrown out of heaven and down to earth.
As a smithing god, Hephaestus made all the weapons of the gods in Olympus. He served as the blacksmith of the gods, and was worshipped in the manufacturing and industrial centers of Greece, particularly Athens. The cult of Hephaestus was based in Lemnos.〔 Hephaestus' symbols are a smith's hammer, anvil, and a pair of tongs.
Hephaestus is probably associated with the Linear B (Mycenean Greek) inscription , ''A-pa-i-ti-jo'', found at Knossos; the inscription indirectly attests his worship at that time because it is believed that it reads the theophoric name ''Haphaistios'' or ''Haphaistion''.〔 At Google Books.〕〔 At Google Books〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】website=Deaditerranean: Minoan Linear A & Mycenaean Linear B )〕 The name of the god in Greek (''Hēphaistos''), has a root which can be observed in names of places, of Pre-Greek origin, like Phaistos〔Probably Phaistos, like ''Athēnā''. Chadwick (1976), p. 87.〕〔R. S. P. Beekes, ''Etymological Dictionary of Greek'', Brill, 2009, p. 527.〕 (''Pa-i-to'' in Linear B).〔(【引用サイトリンク】website=Deaditerranean: Minoan Linear A & Mycenaean Linear B )〕
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