In a religious context, sin is the act of violating God's will.〔(''Action and Person: Conscience in Late Scholasticism and the Young Luther'' ) Michael G. Baylor - 1977, "defined sin, in an objective sense, as contempt of god" page 27〕〔(''The Theology of the Oral Torah: Revealing the Justice of God'' ) Jacob Neusner - 1999, Page 523〕〔(''The fall to violence: original sin in relational theology'' ) Marjorie Suchocki - 1994 Page 29〕〔''Five Views on Sanctification'' - page 188, Melvin Easterday Dieter, Stanley N. Gundry - 1996 "The other is 'deliberate violation of God's known will"〕 Sin can also be viewed as anything that violates the ideal relationship between an individual and God; or as any diversion from the perceived ideal order for human living. To sin has been defined as "to miss the mark".〔Augustine eventually (after the Pelagian controversy) defined sin as a hardened heart, a loss of love for God, a disposition of the heart to depart from God because of inordinate self-love (see Augustine ''On Grace and Free Will'' in ''Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers'', trans. P. Holmes, vol. 5, 30-31 ()).〕
== Etymology ==
The word derives from "Old English ''syn(n)'', for original
*''sunjō''... The stem may be related to that of Latin ''sons'', ''sont-is'' guilty. In Old English there are examples of the original general sense, ‘offence, wrong-doing, misdeed'".〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=sin )〕 The Biblical terms translated from New Testament Greek (αμαρτία - amartia) and from Hebrew as "sin" or "syn" originate in archery and literally refer to missing the "gold" at the centre of a target, but hitting the target, i.e. error.〔
Pagels, Elaine. ''The Gnostic Gospels''. Vintage Books: New York, 1989. p. 123.
〕 (Archers call not hitting the target at all a "miss".)
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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