!!! is a dance-punk band that formed in Sacramento, California, in 1996 by lead singer Nic Offer. Its name is most commonly pronounced "Chk Chk Chk" (). Members of !!! came from other local bands such as The Yah Mos, Black Liquorice and Popesmashers. They are currently based in New York City, Sacramento, and Portland, Oregon. The band's sixth full-length album, ''As If'', was released in October 2015.〔〔Seabrook, Andrea (May 17, 2007). [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=10236467 "The Musicians of !!!: Making Their Own 'Myths' "] (Audio: Flash or MP3). ''All Things Considered'' NPR. Retrieved August 26, 2010.〕
==Background and history==
!!! is an American band formed in the summer of 1995 by the merger of part of the group Black Liquorice and Popesmashers. After a successful joint tour, these two teams decided to mix the disco-funk with more aggressive sounds and integrate the hardcore singer clicking sounds of the Bushmens' Khoisan languagess followed in 2003 by the single "Me and Giuliani Down By the School Yard", a lengthy track combining house beats with sinewy basslines, psychedelic guitars, and simple lyrics which quote the title song of the musical ''Footloose''.
A second full-length, ''Louden Up Now'', was released on Touch and Go in America and on Warp Records in Europe in June 2004. In June 2005 !!! released a new EP covering "Take Ecstasy with Me" by The Magnetic Fields, and "Get Up" by Nate Dogg. The following December, the original drummer for the band, Mikel Gius, was struck and killed by a car while riding his bike.〔(Orangevale bicyclist killed ). Sacramento Bee. December 19, 2005, Page B2. Newsbank. Retrieved 2010-08-25. 〕
They released their third album, ''Myth Takes'' in 2007.〔Diver, Mike (November 16, 2006). ("It's no rumour, it's a Myth. Takes eight to make it !!!" ). ''News'' Drowned in Sound. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 〕〔Howe, Brian. (March 2, 2007). ("Album Review – !!! Myth Takes (Warp; 2007)" ). Pitchfork.com. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 〕
!!! is composed of Mario Andreoni (guitar), Dan Gorman (horns/percussion/keys), Nic Offer (vocals), Tyler Pope (bass/various electronic devices), and Allan Wilson (horns/percussion/keys). Touring members include Shannon Funchess (vocals), Sean McGahan (various electronic devices/sound manipulation) and Paul Quattrone (drums). The band also shared membership with the similar, defunct group Out Hud (including Tyler Pope, who has played with LCD Soundsystem and written music for Cake).〔(Still Disco-Punk, Still Spoiling for a Fight ), New York Times, March 18, 2007. Retrieved 19 July 2013.〕
Vocalist and drummer John Pugh officially left the band in July 2007 to concentrate on his new band Free Blood.
Shannon Funchess stood in for Pugh during much of their 2007 tour.〔Phillips, Amy (August 6, 2007). [http://www.pitchforkmedia.com/article/news/44688-lollapalooza-report-sunday-amy-phillips Lollapalooza Report: Sunday [Amy Phillips]]. Pitchforkmedia.com. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』