Tywyn (; Welsh: (:ˈtəʊ.ᵻn)), formerly Towyn,〔The local branch of the Royal Air Forces Association still employs the name "Towyn and Aberdovey".〕 is a town and seaside resort on the Cardigan Bay coast of southern Gwynedd, Wales. It was previously in the historic county of Merionethshire. It is famous as the location of the Cadfan Stone, a stone cross with the earliest known example of written Welsh, and the home of the Talyllyn Railway.
The name derives from the Welsh ''tywyn'' ("beach, seashore, sand-dune"): extensive sand dunes are still to be found to the north and south of the town. The place-name element ''tywyn'' is found in many other parts of Wales, most notably Towyn near Abergele.〔The two places now use different spellings, partly for reasons of differentiation. Confusion between the two still occurs, however: (Sat-nav mix up leaves pupils in Towyn not Tywyn ), BBC News, 19 April 2013.〕 The town is sometimes referred to in Welsh as Tywyn Meirionnydd (with Meirionnydd here probably referring to the cantref of that name, and later the historic county). In English, during the late 19th century and until the middle of the 20th century, the town was sometimes called Towyn-on-Sea. With the standardization of the orthography of the Welsh language in the first part of the 20th century, the spelling ''Tywyn'' came to dominate, and was accepted as the official name of the town in both languages in the 1970s.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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