| Spitalfields ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Spitalfields is a former parish in the borough of Tower Hamlets, partly in Central London and partly in the East End of London, near to Liverpool Street station and Brick Lane. The Liberty of Norton Folgate and the neighbouring Liberty of the Old Artillery Ground were merged into Spitalfields in 1921.
The area straddles Commercial Street and is home to several markets, including the historic Old Spitalfields Market, Brick Lane Market and Cheshire Street. Petticoat Lane Market lies on the area's south-western boundaries.
The name Spitalfields appears in the form ''Spittellond'' in 1399; as ''The spitel Fyeld'' on the "Woodcut" map of London of c.1561; and as ''Spyttlefeildes'', also in 1561. The land belonged to St Mary Spital, a priory or hospital erected on the east side of the Bishopsgate thoroughfare in 1197, and the name is thought to derive from this. An alternative, and possibly earlier, name for the area was ''Lolsworth''.〔
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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