Sochi () is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Black Sea coast near the border between Georgia/Abkhazia and Russia. The Greater Sochi area, which includes territories and localities subordinated to Sochi proper, has a total area of and sprawls for 〔(Город Сочи стал короче ) - http://edemkavkaza.ru〕 along the shores of the Black Sea near the Caucasus Mountains. The area of the city proper is .〔 According to the 2010 Census, the city had a permanent population of 343,334, up from 328,809 recorded in the 2002 Census, making it Russia's largest resort city. Being part of the Caucasian Riviera, it is one of the very few places in Russia with a subtropical climate, with warm to hot summers and mild winters.
With the alpine and Nordic events held at the nearby ski resort of Roza Khutor in Krasnaya Polyana, Sochi hosted the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games in 2014, as well as the Russian Formula 1 Grand Prix from 2014 until at least 2020.〔(Sochi hosts 2014 Winter Olympics ) BBC Sport, July 4, 2007〕〔(PM Putin confirms Russian GP for 2014 ) GPUpdate, October 15, 2010〕 It will also be one of the host cities for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.
Greater Sochi is elongated along the Black Sea coast for . Sochi is in Southwest Asia, falling on the southern (Asian) side of the Greater Caucasus. Sochi is approximately from Moscow.〔(Travel Destinations Sochi Russia by Michael Totten | Traveler's Guide 360 ). Travelersguide360.com (11 February 2013). Retrieved on January 3, 2014.〕
The city of Sochi borders with Tuapsinsky District in the northwest, with Apsheronsky District and with Maykopsky District of the Republic of Adygea in the north, with Mostovsky District in the northwest, and with Abkhazia in the southeast. From the southwest, it is bordered by the Black Sea.
The vast majority of the population of Sochi lives in a narrow strip along the coast and is organized in independent microdistricts (formerly settlements). The biggest of these microdistricts, from the northwest to the southeast, are Lazarevskoye, Loo, Dagomys, central Sochi (Tsentralny City District), Khosta, Matsesta, and Adler. The whole city is located on the slopes of the Western Caucasus which descend to the Black Sea and are cut by the rivers. The biggest rivers in Sochi are the Mzymta, which is in fact the longest Black Sea tributary in Russia, and the Shakhe. Other rivers include the Ashe, the Psezuapse, the Sochi, the Khosta, and the Matsesta. The Psou River makes the border with Abkhazia.
The northeastern part of the city belongs to the Caucasian Biosphere Reserve which is a World Heritage Site spanning vast areas in Krasnodar Krai and Adygea. Almost the whole area of the Greater Sochi, with the exception of the coast and of the area which belong to the Caucasian Biosphere Reserve, are included into Sochi National Park.
Sochi has a humid subtropical climate〔 with mild winters (average during the day and at night) in the period from December to March and warm summers (average during the day and at night) in the period from May to October.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』