Bergen (; ; Bergensk: ) is a city and municipality on the Bergen Peninsula in Hordaland county on the west coast of Norway. The city was established before 1070 AD.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Bergen – historie )〕 Bergen is the administrative centre of Hordaland.
As of 2014 the municipal population was 00}} making it, after Oslo, the second-most populous city in Norway. (The Greater Bergen Region population is 00}}.)
The area covered by the municipality is , and it consists of eight boroughs.
The remains of the quays, Bryggen, is a World Heritage Site.
Bergen is an international centre for aquaculture, shipping, offshore petroleum industry and subsea technology, and a national centre for higher education, tourism and finance. Natives speak a distinctive dialect of Norwegian known as Bergensk. The city has an airport, a light rail system, the Western terminal of the Bergen Line, and Bergen Port—the busiest in Norway; the sea lanes start through Byfjorden. Bergen is known as the city of the Seven Mountains.
The Old Norse forms of the name were ''Bergvin'' and ''Bjǫrgvin'' (and in Icelandic and Faroese the city is still called ''Björgvin''). The first element is ''berg'' (n.) or ''bjǫrg'' (n.), which translates to ''mountain(s)''. The last element is ''vin'' (f.), which means a new settlement where there used to be a pasture or meadow. The full meaning is then 'the meadow among the mountains'.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』