Cornish Rebellion of 1497
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The Cornish Rebellion of 1497 (Cornish: ''Rebellyans Kernow'') was a popular uprising by the people of Cornwall in the Kingdom of England. Its primary cause was the response by the impoverished Cornish populace to the raising of war taxes by King Henry VII to raise money for a campaign against Scotland.
Tin miners were angered as the scale of the taxes overturned previous rights granted by Edward I of England to the Cornish Stannary Parliament, which exempted Cornwall from all taxes of 10ths or 15ths of income.
The Cornish Rebellion of 1497 is the main inspiration for the name of Cornwall's Rugby League team, the Cornish Rebels.
== Background ==
In 1496, after disagreements regarding new regulations for the tin-mining industry, King Henry VII suspended the privileges of the Stannaries.〔
〕 In late 1496 the council approved a forced loan to which Cornwall contributed a disproportionately large share. The primary cause of the rebellion was Henry VII's tax levy to pay for a war against the Scots. The terms of the levy violated the Stannary Charter of 1305 which prohibited taxes of 10ths and 15ths from being raised in Cornwall.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.cornwall.gov.uk/community-and-living/records-archives-and-cornish-studies/research-guides/cornish-history-timeline/1066-1700-ad/ )〕 Cornwall had already contributed significantly to the Scottish expedition, even though it was not affected by any border incursions.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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