A podium (plural podia) is a platform that is used to raise something to a short distance above its surroundings. It derives from the Greek ''πόδι'' (foot). In architecture a building can rest on a large podium.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=podium: definition of podium in Oxford dictionary (American English) (US) )〕 Podia can also be used to raise people, for instance the conductor of an orchestra stands on a podium as do many public speakers. Common parlance has shown an increasing use of "podium" to incorrectly describe a lectern.
In sports, a type of podium is used to honour the top three competitors in events such as the Olympics. In the Olympics a three-level podium is used; the highest level in the centre holds the gold medalist, to their right is a somewhat lower one for the silver medalist, and to the left of the gold medalist is an even lower platform for the bronze medalist. In many sports, results in the top three of a competition are often referred to as "podiums" or "podium finishes". In some individual sports, "podiums" is an official statistic, referring to the number of top three results an athlete has achieved over the course of a season or career. The word may also be used, chiefly in the United States, as a verb, "to podium", meaning to attain a podium place.〔()〕
==First use at Olympic Games==
Podia were first used at the 1930 British Empire Games (now Commonwealth Games) in Hamilton, Ontario and subsequently during the 1932 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles and the 1932 Winter Olympic Games in Lake Placid.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Western News - Search )〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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