Pines are conifer trees in the genus ''Pinus'' ,〔''Sunset Western Garden Book,'' 1995:606–607〕 in the family Pinaceae. They are the only genus in the subfamily Pinoideae. Counting varieties and subspecies, the plant list of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden accepts 175 names of pines as current, together with some thirty or forty unresolved and many more synonyms or misapplied.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Home — The Plant List )〕
The modern English name ''pine'' derives from Latin ''pinus'' which some have traced to the Indo-European base
*pīt- ‘resin’ (source of English pituitary).〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Where Are You From? - Credo Reference )〕 In the past (pre-19th century) they were often known as ''fir'', from Old Norse ''fyrre'', by way of Middle English ''firre''. The Old Norse name is still used for pines in some modern north European languages, in Danish ''fyr'', in Norwegian ''fura/fure/furu'', Swedish ''fura/furu'', Dutch ''vuren'', and ''Föhre'' in German, but in modern English, ''fir'' is now restricted to fir (''Abies'') and Douglas-fir (''Pseudotsuga'').
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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