Noodles are a staple food in many cultures made from unleavened dough which is stretched, extruded, or rolled flat and cut into one of a variety of shapes. A single noodle can be made, eaten, or extracted from a serving of noodles, but it is more common to serve and eat many at once, and thus more common to see the plural form of the word.
While long, thin strips may be the most common, many varieties of noodles are cut into waves, helices, tubes, strings, or shells, or folded over, or cut into other shapes. Noodles are usually cooked in boiling water, sometimes with cooking oil or salt added. They are often pan-fried or deep-fried. Noodles are often served with an accompanying sauce or in a soup. Noodles can be refrigerated for short-term storage, or dried and stored for future use. The material composition or geocultural origin must be specified when discussing noodles. The word derives from the German word ''Nudel''. The oldest evidence of noodle consumption, from 4,000 years ago, has been found in China.〔
The origin of noodles is ambiguous. Claims have been made that the noodle was invented by people of Qijia culture, of Arabian and of Mediterranean origin. Given the scarcity of physical evidence, it is unlikely that the question of origin can even be answered with certainty.
In 2005, a team of archaeologists working in the People's Republic of China reported finding an earthenware bowl that contained foxtail millet and broomcorn millet. noodles at the Lajia archaeological site, arguably hailing from the late neolithic period. But this claim was disputed by later research,〔GE, W., LIU, L., CHEN, X. and JIN, Z. (2011), Can noodles be made from millet? An experimental investigation of noodle manufacture together with starch grain analyses. ''Archaeometry'', 53: 194–204. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2010.00539.x〕 which suggested that noodles simply cannot be produced from millet, a cereal that lacks gluten, a necessary protein.
The earliest written record of noodles is found in a book dated to the Eastern Han period (25–220). Noodles, often made from wheat dough, became a staple food for people of the Han Dynasty (206 BCE - 220 CE). During the Tang Dynasty, the noodles were first cut into strips, and in the Yuan Dynasty, the making of dried noodles began.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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