Hospitality refers to the relationship between a guest and a host, wherein the host receives the guest with goodwill, including the reception and entertainment of guests, visitors, or strangers. Louis, chevalier de Jaucourt describes hospitality in the Encyclopédie as the virtue of a great soul that cares for the whole universe through the ties of humanity.〔Jaucourt, Louis, chevalier de. "Hospitality." The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert Collaborative Translation Project. Translated by Sophie Bourgault. Ann Arbor: Michigan Publishing, University of Michigan Library, 2013. Web. (in today's date in the form 18 Apr. 2009 and remove square brackets ). . Trans. of "Hospitalité," Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, vol. 8. Paris, 1765.〕
Hospitality ethics is a discipline that studies this usage of hospitality.
Derives from the Latin ''hospes'',〔C. Lewis, Elementary Latin Dictionary (Oxford Univ. Press, 2000), p. 371.〕 meaning "host", "guest", or "stranger". ''Hospes'' is formed from ''hostis'', which means "stranger" or "enemy" (the latter being where terms like "hostile" derive). By metonymy the Latin word 'Hospital' means a guest-chamber, guest's lodging, an inn.〔Cassell's Latin Dictionary, revised by Marchant, J & Charles J., 260th. Thousand〕 Hospes is thus the root for the English words host (where the p was dropped for convenience of pronunciation), hospitality, hospice, hostel and hotel.
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