Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human benefit. Forestry is practiced in plantations and natural stands. The forest science has elements that belong to the biological, physical, social, political and managerial sciences.
Modern forestry generally embraces a broad range of concerns, in what is known as multiple-use management, including the provision of timber, fuel wood, wildlife habitat, natural water quality management, recreation, landscape and community protection, employment, aesthetically appealing landscapes, biodiversity management, watershed management, erosion control, and preserving forests as 'sinks' for atmospheric carbon dioxide. A practitioner of forestry is known as a forester.
Forest ecosystems have come to be seen as the most important component of the biosphere,〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=ecosystem part of biosphere )〕 and forestry has emerged as a vital applied science, craft, and technology.
Forestry is an important economic segment in various industrial countries. For example, in Germany, forests cover nearly a third of the land area,〔(''Bundeswaldinventur 2002'' ), Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Verbraucherschutz (BMELV), abgerufen am 17. Januar 2010〕 wood is the most important renewable resource, and forestry supports more than a million jobs and about billion in yearly turnover.〔(Unternehmen Wald, forests as an enterprise, German private forestry association website )〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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