| construction ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Construction is the process of creating and building infrastructure or a facility. It differs from manufacturing in that manufacturing typically involves mass production of similar items without a designated purchaser, while construction is typically done on location for a known client. Construction as an industry is six to nine percent of the gross domestic product of developed countries. Construction starts with planning, design, and financing and continues until the project is built and ready for use.
Large scale construction is a feat of human multitasking. A Project manager normally manages the job, and a construction manager, design engineer, construction engineer or project architect supervises it. For the successful execution of a project, effective planning is essential. Those involved with the design and execution of the infrastructure in question must consider the zoning requirements, the environmental impact of the job, the successful scheduling, budgeting, construction site safety, availability and transportation of building materials, logistics, inconvenience to the public caused by construction delays and bidding, etc.
''Construction'' is a general term meaning the art and science to form objects, systems or organizations,〔"Construction" def. 1.a. 1.b. and 1.c. ''Oxford English Dictionary'' Second Edition on CD-ROM (v. 4.0) © Oxford University Press 2009〕 and comes from Latin ''constructionem'' (from ''com-'' "together" and ''struere'' "to pile up") and Old French ''construction''.〔"Construction". ''Online Etymology Dictionary'' http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=construction accessed 3/6/2014〕 Construction is used as a verb: the act of building, and a noun: how a building was built, the nature of its structure.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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