The bamboos are a subfamily (Bambusoideae) of flowering perennial evergreen plants in the grass family Poaceae.
Giant bamboos are the largest members of the grass family. In bamboo, the internodal regions of the stem are usually hollow and the vascular bundles in the cross section are scattered throughout the stem instead of in a cylindrical arrangement. The dicotyledonous woody xylem is also absent. The absence of secondary growth wood causes the stems of monocots, including the palms and large bamboos, to be columnar rather than tapering.〔Botany; Wilson,C.L. and Loomis,W.E. Third edition. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. 〕
Bamboos are the fastest-growing plants in the world, due to a unique rhizome-dependent system. Certain species of bamboo can grow 91 cm (3 ft) within a 24-hour period, at a rate of almost 4 cm (1.5 in) an hour (a growth around 1 mm every 90 seconds, or one inch every 40 minutes). Bamboos are of notable economic and cultural significance in South Asia, Southeast Asia and East Asia, being used for building materials, as a food source, and as a versatile raw product. Bamboo has a higher compressive strength than wood, brick, or concrete and a tensile strength that rivals steel.〔(''The Bamboo Solution: Tough as steel, sturdier than concrete, full-size in a year.'' ) Mary Roach. Discover Magazine. 1 June 1996. Retrieved 7 December 2013.〕〔(''Mechanical Properties of Bamboo.'' ) Evelin Rottke. RWTH Aachen University. Faculty of Architecture. Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Section 3, page 11 and Section 4, page 11. 27 October 2002. Retrieved 7 December 2013.〕
The word bamboo comes from the Kannada term ''bambu'', which was introduced to English through Indonesian and Malay.
==Systematics and taxonomy==
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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