The concept of an archetype is found in areas relating to behavior, modern psychological theory, and literary analysis. An archetype can be:
# a statement, pattern of behavior, or prototype which other statements, patterns of behavior, and objects copy or emulate;
# a Platonic philosophical idea referring to pure forms which embody the fundamental characteristics of a thing;
# a collectively-inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., that is universally present in individual psyches, as in Jungian psychology;
# or a constantly recurring symbol or motif in literature, painting, or mythology (this usage of the term draws from both comparative anthropology and Jungian archetypal theory).
In the first sense, many more informal terms are frequently used instead, such as "standard example" or "basic example", and the longer form "archetypal example" is also found. In mathematics, an archetype is often called a "canonical example".
The word ''archetype'', "original pattern from which copies are made", first entered into English usage in the 1540s〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Online Etymology Dictionary - Archetype )〕 and derives from the Latin noun ''archetypum'', latinisation of the Greek noun ἀρχέτυπον (''archetupon'')'','' whose adjective form is ἀρχέτυπος (''archetupos''), which means "first-molded",〔(ἀρχέτυπος ), Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, ''A Greek-English Lexicon'', on Perseus〕 which is a compound of ἀρχή ''archē'', "beginning, origin",〔(ἀρχή ), Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, ''A Greek-English Lexicon'', on Perseus〕 and τύπος ''tupos'', which can mean, amongst other things, "pattern," "model," or "type."〔(τύπος ), Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, ''A Greek-English Lexicon'', on Perseus〕
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