An album is a sound recording format first used in gramophone (phonograph) records, and later in other analog recording and digital recording media. Audio albums in physical form often have decorative covers and liner notes, and sometimes other background information such as analysis of the recording, and lyrics or librettos.〔(【引用サイトリンク】accessdate=30 May 2012 )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】accessdate=30 May 2012 )〕
Historically, the term "album" was applied to a collection of various items housed in a book format. In musical usage the word was used for collections of short pieces of printed music from the early nineteenth century.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=''Mendelssohn And Schumann'' )〕 Later, collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums〔Cross, Alan (15 July 2012) (Life After the Album Is Going to Get Weird ). alancross.ca〕 (one side of a 78 rpm record could hold only about 3.5 minutes of sound). When long-playing records were introduced, a collection of pieces on a single record was called an album; the word was extended to other recording media such as compact disc, MiniDisc, Compact audio cassette, and digital albums as they were introduced.〔
The LP record (long play), or rpm microgroove vinyl record, is a gramophone record format introduced by Columbia Records in 1948.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=First LP released )〕 It was adopted by the record industry as a standard format for the "album". Apart from relatively minor refinements and the important later addition of stereophonic sound capability, it has remained the standard format for vinyl albums. The term "album" had been carried forward from the early nineteenth century when it had been used for collections of short pieces of music.〔 Later, collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums.〔 When long-playing records were introduced, a collection of pieces on a single record was called an album; the word was extended to other recording media such as compact disc, MiniDisc, Compact audio cassette, and digital albums, as they were introduced.〔 As part of a trend of shifting sales in the music industry, some commenters have declared that the early 21st century experienced the death of the album.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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