Publius Vergilius Maro (; October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period. He is known for three major works of Latin literature, the ''Eclogues'' (or ''Bucolics''), the ''Georgics'', and the epic ''Aeneid''. A number of minor poems, collected in the ''Appendix Vergiliana'', are sometimes attributed to him.
Virgil is traditionally ranked as one of Rome's greatest poets. His ''Aeneid'' has been considered the national epic of ancient Rome from the time of its composition to the present day. Modeled after Homer's ''Iliad'' and ''Odyssey'', the ''Aeneid'' follows the Trojan refugee Aeneas as he struggles to fulfill his destiny and arrive on the shores of Italy—in Roman mythology the founding act of Rome. Virgil's work has had wide and deep influence on Western literature, most notably Dante's ''Divine Comedy'', in which Virgil appears as Dante's guide through hell and purgatory.
==Life and works==
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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