St Mary's College
School of Medicine
St Leonard's College
| sports = University of St Andrews Athletic Union
| nickname =
| mascot =
| affiliations = Universities Scotland
| website = (st-andrews.ac.uk )
| logo =
| footnotes =
The University of St Andrews (informally known as St Andrews University or simply St Andrews; abbreviated as St And, from the Latin ''Sancti Andreae'', in post-nominals) is a public research university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland. It is the oldest of the four ancient universities of Scotland and the third oldest university in the English-speaking world (following Oxford and Cambridge). St Andrews was founded between 1410 and 1413, when the Avignon Antipope Benedict XIII issued a papal bull to a small founding group of Augustinian clergy.
St Andrews is made up from a variety of institutions, including three constituent colleges (United College, St Mary's College, and St Leonard's College) and 18 academic schools organised into four faculties.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title= University of St Andrews: Governance )〕 The university occupies historic and modern buildings located throughout the town. The academic year is divided into two terms, Martinmas and Candlemas. In term time, over one-third of the town's population is either a staff member or student of the university.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/about/theuniversitytoday/ )〕 The student body is notably diverse: over 45% of its intake come from over 100 countries outside of the UK, with about one-eighth of the students from the rest of the EU and the remaining third from overseas - 15% from North America alone. The university's sport teams compete in BUCS competitions,〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/sport/ )〕 and the student body is known for preserving ancient traditions such as Raisin Weekend, May Dip, and the wearing of distinctive academic dress.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.thesaint-online.com/2012/09/the-low-down-on-our-traditions/ )〕
It is ranked as the third〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=The Guardian University League Tables 2016 )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=The Times and Sunday Times University League Tables 2015 )〕 best university in the United Kingdom, behind Oxbridge. ''The Guardian'' ranks first in the United Kingdom the Schools of Physics and Astronomy, International Relations, Computer Science, Geography, and Mathematics〔 whilst the Complete University Guide ranks Divinity and Middle Eastern and African Studies first. ''The Times'' Higher Education World Universities Ranking names St Andrews among the world’s Top 20 Arts and Humanities universities.〔(Top Universities for Arts & Humanities 2010–2011 ). Timeshighereducation.co.uk (28 October 2010). Retrieved on 14 May 2011.〕 St Andrews has the highest student satisfaction (joint first) amongst all multi-faculty universities in the United Kingdom.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/news/archive/2014/title,247959,en.php )〕
St Andrews has many notable alumni and affiliated faculty, including eminent mathematicians, scientists, theologians, philosophers, and politicians. Recent alumni include the former First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond; Secretary of State for Defence Michael Fallon; HM British Ambassador to China Barbara Woodward; United States Ambassador to Hungary Colleen Bell; Olympic cycling gold medalist Chris Hoy; and royals Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. Six Nobel Laureates are amongst St Andrews' alumni and former staff: two in Chemistry and Physiology or Medicine, and one each in Peace and Literature.
== History ==
■ウィキペディアで「University of St Andrews」の詳細全文を読む