Trieste (;〔(Trieste ). CollinsDictionary.com. Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 11th Edition. Retrieved September 21, 2012〕 (:triˈɛste) ) is a city and seaport in northeastern Italy. It is situated towards the end of a narrow strip of Italian territory lying between the Adriatic Sea and Slovenia, which lies almost immediately south and east of the city. Trieste is located at the head of the Gulf of Trieste and throughout history it has been influenced by its location at the crossroads of Latin, Slavic, and Germanic cultures. In 2009, it had a population of about 205,000 and it is the capital of the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia and the Province of Trieste.
Trieste was one of the oldest parts of the Habsburg Monarchy. In the 19th century, it was the most important port of one of the Great Powers of Europe. As a prosperous seaport in the Mediterranean region, Trieste became the fourth largest city of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (after Vienna, Budapest, and Prague). In the fin-de-siecle period, it emerged as an important hub for literature and music. It underwent an economic revival during the 1930s, and Trieste was an important spot in the struggle between the Eastern and Western blocs after the Second World War. Today, the city is in one of the richest regions of Italy, and has been a great centre for shipping, through its port (Port of Trieste), shipbuilding and financial services.
In 2012, LonelyPlanet.com listed the city of Trieste as the world's most underrated travel destination.
The original pre-Roman name of the city, ''Tergeste'', with the ''-est-'' suffix typical of Illyrian, is speculated to be derived from a hypothetical Venetic word ''
*terg-'' "market", etymologically related to Old Church Slavonic ' "market" (whence Slovenian and Serbian ' / ' / ' and the Scandinavian borrowing ''torg''). Roman authors also transliterated the name as ''Tergestum''. Modern names of the city include: (イタリア語:Trieste), (スロベニア語:Trst), (ドイツ語:Triest), (ハンガリー語:Trieszt), (クロアチア語:Trst), (セルビア語:Трст, Trst), and .
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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