| national_anthem =
| official_languages = French
| languages_type = Vernacular
| languages =
| ethnic_groups = Ewe, Kabye, Tem, Gourma
| 1% othersc
| demonym = Togolese
| capital = Lomé
| latd=6 |latm=7 |lats=55 |latNS=N |longd=1 |longm=13 |longs=22 |longEW=E
| largest_city = Lomé
| government_type = Presidential republic
| leader_title1 = President
| leader_name1 = Faure Gnassingbé
| leader_title2 = Prime Minister
| leader_name2 = Komi Sélom Klassou
| legislature = National Assembly
| area_rank = 125th
| area_magnitude = 1 E10
| area_km2 = 56,785
| area_sq_mi = 21,925
| percent_water = 4.2
| population_estimate = 7,154,237〔〔(Country Comparison :: Population ). CIA World Factbook〕
| population_estimate_rank = 101st
| population_estimate_year = 2013
| population_census = 5,337,000
| population_census_year = 2010
| population_density_km2 = 125.9
| population_density_sq_mi = 243
| population_density_rank = 93rde
| GDP_PPP = $6.910 billion〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Togo )〕
| GDP_PPP_rank = 150th
| GDP_PPP_year = 2012
| GDP_PPP_per_capita = $1,096〔
| GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank =
| GDP_nominal = $3.685 billion〔
| GDP_nominal_year = 2012
| GDP_nominal_per_capita = $584〔
| sovereignty_type = Independence
| established_event1 = from France
| established_date1 = 27 April 1960
| Gini_year = 2011
| Gini_change =
| Gini = 46
| Gini_ref = 〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Gini Index )〕
| Gini_rank =
| HDI_year = 2013
| HDI_change = increase
| HDI = 0.473
| HDI_rank = 166th
| currency = CFA franc
| currency_code = XOF
| country_code =
| time_zone = GMT
| utc_offset = +0
| time_zone_DST = | utc_offset_DST =
| drives_on = right
| calling_code = +228
| cctld = .tg
| footnote_a = Such as Ewe, Mina and Aja.
| footnote_b = Largest are the Ewe, Mina, Kotokoli Tem and Kabre.
| footnote_c = Mostly European and Syrian-Lebanese.
| footnote_d = Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.
| footnote_e = Rankings based on 2005 figures ((CIA World Factbook – ''Togo'' ))
Togo (), officially the Togolese Republic ((フランス語:République Togolaise)), is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north. It extends south to the Gulf of Guinea, where its capital Lomé is located. Togo covers , making it one of the smallest countries in Africa, with a population of approximately 6.7 million.
Togo is a tropical, sub-Saharan nation, highly dependent on agriculture, with a climate that provides good growing seasons. The official language is French, with many other languages spoken in Togo, particularly those of the Gbe family. The largest religious group in Togo consists of those with indigenous beliefs, and there are significant Christian and Muslim minorities. Togo is a member of the United Nations, African Union, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, La Francophonie and Economic Community of West African States.
From the 11th to the 16th century, various tribes entered the region from all directions. From the 16th century to the 18th century, the coastal region was a major trading center for Europeans in search of slaves, earning Togo and the surrounding region the name "The Slave Coast". In 1884, Germany declared Togoland a protectorate. After World War I, rule over Togo was transferred to France. Togo gained its independence from France in 1960.〔
In 1967, Gnassingbé Eyadéma led a successful military coup d'état after which he became president. At the time of his death in 2005, Gnassingbé was the longest-serving leader in modern African history, after having been president for 38 years.〔("Obituary: Gnassingbe Eyadema" ). (2005, February 5). BBC News. Retrieved 22 May 2007.〕 In 2005, his son Faure Gnassingbé was elected president. Togo is a member of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.
== History ==
(詳細はEwé from the east, and the Mina and Guin from the west. Most settled in coastal areas.
The slave trade began in the 16th century, and for the next two hundred years the coastal region was a major trading centre for Europeans in search of slaves, earning Togo and the surrounding region the name "The Slave Coast".
In 1884, a treaty was signed at Togoville with the King Mlapa III, whereby Germany claimed a protectorate over a stretch of territory along the coast and gradually extended its control inland. In 1905, this became the German colony of Togoland. During World War I, this German territory was invaded by British troops from the neighboring Gold Coast colony and French troops coming from Dahomey.
After the end of World War I, there was discussion of having the colony administered by Czechoslovakia. However, this did not happen. Togoland was separated into two League of Nations mandates, administered by Britain and France. After World War II, these mandates became UN Trust Territories. The residents of British Togoland voted to join the Gold Coast as part of the new independent nation of Ghana in 1957, and French Togoland became an autonomous republic within the French Union in 1959.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』