Television Broadcasts Limited, commonly known as TVB, was founded as the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong. TVB runs five free-to-air television channels in Hong Kong, and is one of two free-to-air terrestrial television broadcasters in Hong Kong, and one of the largest commercial Chinese programme producers in the world. It commenced broadcasting on 19 November 1967.〔The company registered on 26 July 1965 C.R. No:0011781（Television Broadcasts Limited）—(The Cyber Search Centre of the Integrated Companies Registry Information System )〕 It has a staff of about 4,500. Its commercial rival for free-to-air terrestrial television broadcasts is Asia Television (ATV), whilst the government-owned Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK) produces television programmes, but does not itself broadcast them.
When TVB first began broadcasting, to distinguish it from the cable television broadcaster, Rediffusion Television, it was commonly known as "Wireless Television" ( Cantonese: mou4 sin3 din6 si6) in Chinese. It is still usually referred to with that name, although there is more than one terrestrial television station now. The company's previous chairman was Sir Run Run Shaw.〔
TVB's headquarters (Hong Kong TVB City) is Asia's largest commercial television production center.
TVB currently operates five free channels in Hong Kong: TVB Jade (Cantonese) and TVB Pearl (English) are TVB's flagship television channels. Under the digital terrestrial television platform, which formally commenced on 31 December 2007, J2 and iNEWS are new channels launched with standard definition, while TVB HD Jade is Hong Kong's first 24-hour broadcasting free channel in high definition. TVB relaunched its pay-tv service in 2014 under a new brand, changing the name from TVB Pay Vision to TVB Network Vision. TVB Network Vision's channel are carried by PCCW NowTV service because of a carriage agreement dating from the pay-TV network's inception. Network Vision is run by veteran TVB executive, Felix To.
TVB reaches out to the Overseas Chinese communities. Its productions are available in Mainland China, Taiwan, Macau, the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore, among others, on channels such as TVB's own TVB-Europe () subscription satellite service. In Taiwan, TVB operates through its TVBS subsidiary.
Many of Hong Kong's film and pop stars started their careers at the station through drama series produced by TVB. Special TVB events such as the annual ''TVB Anniversary Celebration'' are broadcast to planetary audience. TVB also runs talent programmes such as the annual Miss Hong Kong and Miss Chinese International beauty pageants. Successful contestants may be offered TVB's contracts and represent Hong Kong to take part at world-class beauty contests, including the Miss World Pageant.
== Notable events ==
The following are some of the notable events which have marked TVB's history:
* 19 November 1967, Jade broadcast live at 09:00 the day of the 14th Macau Grand Prix, for Hong Kong's first live show. At 16:00, at Ocean Terminal in Tsim Sha Tsui Kai broadcast ceremony, then-Governor David Trench came over helicopter. The company's first General Manager was the Australian journalist Colin Bernall (1913–76).
* In 1968, TVB produced and aired its very first TV series "West Side Story Love Day", for the first time using satellite broadcast of the Olympic Games and in 1969 the first man landed on the moon.
* On 18 June 1972, for the first time the use of electronic news gathering equipment, TVB reported Hong Kong's Tsui Ping Road landslide.
* In 1973, TVB organised the first Miss Hong Kong Pageant.
* On 11 July 1976, to the global satellite broadcast for the first time Miss Universe held in Hong Kong campaign, a global audience of more than 500 million people.
* In November 1992, at the Silver Jubilee, TVB held the world's first International Symposium on Chinese television (International Symposium on prospect & challenges in Chinese Television Broadcasting), more than 200 broadcasters around the world, Chinese industry representatives.
* On 14 February 2004, reduction of production departments Variety about 70 jobs, lead to the Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions to help set up the first wireless employees union, also launched on 16 February "Black Operations" expression of dissatisfaction with employers In 23 February meeting held its first labor, reflecting dissatisfaction.
* On 31 December 2007, at 19:00, TVB launched the official start of digital terrestrial broadcasting services.
* On August 2008, TVB was invited to Beijing Olympic Broadcasting, and was involved in the production of television broadcast Olympic Equestrian Events.
* On 8 November 2008, the first major international beauty pageant production of television programmes, held in Macao and called the 48th Miss International, was broadcast on TVB.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』