An overvote occurs when one votes for more than the maximum number of selections allowed in a contest.〔(2005 Voluntary Voting System Guidelines ), pA-13 Election Assistance Commission〕 The result is a spoilt vote which is not included in the final tally.
One example of an overvote would be voting for two candidates in a single race with the instruction "Vote for not more than one." Robert's Rules of Order notes that such votes are illegal.〔(RONR)〕
Undervotes combined with overvotes (known as residual votes) can be an academic indicator in evaluating the accuracy of a voting system when recording voter intent.〔
While an overvote in a plurality voting system is always illegal, in certain other electoral methods including approval voting, this style of voting is valid, and thus invalid overvotes are not possible.〔(Citizens for Approval Voting - Voting definitions and examples )〕
In the corporate world, the term "overvote" describes a situation in which someone votes more proxies than they are authorized to, or for more shares than they hold of record.〔(Briefing Paper: Roundtable on Proxy Voting Mechanics )〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』