Limpopo is the northernmost province of South Africa. It is named after the Limpopo River that flows on the western and northern borders of the province, the name "Limpopo" has its etymological origin from the Sepedi word ''diphororo tša meetse'' - meaning strong gushing waterfalls. (The Sepedi language or Northern Sotho language is spoken by a third of the people in the province.) The capital is Polokwane, formerly named ''Pietersburg''.
The province was formed from the northern region of Transvaal Province in 1994, and initially named Northern Transvaal. The following year, it was renamed Northern Province, which remained the name until 2003, when the name of the province was formally changed to the name of its most important river–on the border with Zimbabwe and Botswana–after deliberation by the provincial government and amendment of the Constitution. A notable consideration for the name was Mapungubwe, the area where the most ancient gold-using civilisation of the province was discovered a few years earlier.
Limpopo is the South African province with the highest level of poverty, with 78.9% of the population living below the national poverty line.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://beta2.statssa.gov.za/?page_id=739&id=1 )〕 In 2011, 74.4% of local dwellings were located in a tribal or traditional area, compared to a national average of 27.1%.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://interactive.statssa.gov.za )〕
==Law and government==
(詳細はStanley Mathabatha, representing the African National Congress.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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