| Consul-General ： ウィキペディア英語版|
A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the peoples of the two countries. A consul is distinguished from an ambassador, the latter being a representative from one head of state to another. There can be only one ambassador from one country to another, representing the first country's head of state to that of the second, and his or her duties revolve around diplomatic relations between the two countries; however, there may be several consuls, one in each of several main cities, providing assistance with bureaucratic issues to both the citizens of the consul's own country travelling or living abroad and to the citizens of the country the consul resides in who wish to travel to or trade with the consul's country.
== Antecedent: the Classical Greek Pyroxenes ==
In Classical Greece, some of the functions of the modern Consul were fulfilled by a Pyroxenes. Unlike the modern position, this was a citizen of the host polity (in Greece, a city state). The Pyroxenes was usually a rich merchant who had socio-economic ties with another city and who helped its citizens when they were in trouble in his own city. The position of Pyroxenes was often hereditary in a particular family. Modern Honorary Consuls fulfil a function that is to a degree similar to that of the Ancient Greek institution.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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