Chhetri (Chettri, or Chetri) ((ネパール語:छेत्री)), synonymous with ''Kshetri'' ((ネパール語:क्षेत्री)) and ''Khatri'' ((ネパール語:खत्री)) is a Nepali caste, which are part of Khas people along with Bramins, Thakuris, Dalits. ((ネパール語:खस)). Chhetris are of Indo-European origin claiming to be of the Kshatriya varna.〔 They make up 16.6% of Nepal's population according to the census of 2011, making them the most populous caste or ethnic community in Nepal. The majority of Chhetris speak Nepali.〔(Social and Gender Analysis in Natural Resource Management: Learning Studies ..edited by Ronnie Vernooy )〕
Chhetris are primarily Hindu (99.48% according to the 2001 Census). Those Chhetri who follow Hinduism may also follow Buddhism. The ancient religion of the Chhetri is Masto which uses nature worship and can still be seen in western Nepal's Karnali district. In Nepal's hill districts the Chhetri population rises to 41% compared to 31% Brahmin and 27% other castes. This greatly exceeds the Kshatriya portion in most regions with predominantly Hindu populations.
Chhetris History is unknown because there is no evidence of from where chhetri people may have originated. Many chhetris are mixture of Khas and Magar people, that is the reasons why many Magar people and Chhetri people have similar Surnames. Chhetris traces their history to Central Asia. Initially they first settled in Syingja of Karnali in Nepal. The ancient name of this Himalayan region was Khas-des. Chhetri peoples ((ネパール語:खस)) were the most populous and are mentioned in the histories of India and China. The Chhetri were Indo-European-speaking Aryan mountain dwellers, spreading from west to east across the hills of the Central Himalaya from Indian states Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Nepal, Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam, Manipur to Bhutan and Myanmar. They established many independent dynasties in early medieval times. The Chhetri people had an empire, the Kaśa Kingdom which included Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, some part of Tibet and Western Nepal Karnali Zone. Hence Chhetir people of that reason also called Khas chhetri.
Many Chhetris exhibit traits of mixed racial heritage, more so than Brahmins (also called Bahun in the Nepalese hills).〔〔 There are several recognized ways to enter the Chhetri caste apart from Jharra (pure) Chettri :
# Having nothing but ancestors ultimately tracable to Kshatriyas.
# Being the scion of a pure Brahmins father and any "clean" Nepali native caste including Magar or other Tibeto-Burman "hill tribes" such as Gurung, Tamang, etc.
#The child of a Chhetri father and a woman from these lower but "clean" castes is still Chhetri.
# An arbitrary community can start following Chhetri caste rules (especially in diet), hiring Brahmin to conduct certain rituals and even writing dubious genealogy. Over generations these claims of Chhetri affinity become plausible to broader audiences.
Despite racial admixture, Chhetris remain strongly indo-Nepalese in culture and language.
In the early modern history of Nepal, Chhetris played a key role in the unification of the country, providing the core of the Gorkhali army of the mid-18th century. During the monarchy, Chhetris continued to dominate the ranks of the Nepalese Army, police, Nepalese government administration, and one regiment of the Indian Army.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』