In Greek mythology, Antigone ( ; ) is the daughter/sister of Oedipus and his mother, Jocasta. The meaning of the name is, as in the case of the masculine equivalent Antigonus, "worthy of one's parents" or "in place of one's parents".
Antigone is the subject of a story in which she attempts to secure a respectable burial for her brother Polynices. Oedipus's sons, Eteocles and Polynices, had shared the rule jointly until they quarrelled, and Eteocles expelled his brother. In Sophocles' account, the two brothers agreed to alternate rule each year, but Eteocles decided not to share power with his brother after his tenure expired. Polynices left the kingdom, gathered an army and attacked the city of Thebes in a conflict called the Seven Against Thebes. Both brothers were killed in the battle.
King Creon, who ascended to the throne of Thebes after the death of the brothers, decreed that Polynices was not to be buried or even mourned, on pain of death by stoning. Antigone, his sister, defied the order, but was caught.
In the oldest version of the story, the burial of Polynices takes place during Oedipus' reign in Thebes, before Oedipus marries his mother, Jocasta. However, in other versions such as Sophocles' tragedies ''Oedipus at Colonus'' and ''Antigone'', it occurs in the years after the banishment and death of Oedipus and Antigone's struggles against Creon.
Creon was next in line to throne, as he was Jocasta's brother by Menoeceus. In Sophocles' version, after the death of Oedipus, it was decided that the two brothers, Eteocles and Polynices were to take turns reigning over Thebes. In a fight over who was to rule Thebes, the two brothers kill each other. Antigone is brought before Creon, and states that she knew Creon's law regarding no mourning for Polynices but chose to break it, expounding upon the superiority of 'divine law' to that made by man. She puts the will of the gods ahead of man-made laws, responding to the decision of not granting Polynices a burial with courage, passion, and determination.
Sophocles' ''Antigone'' ends in disaster, with Antigone being locked in a tomb on Creon's orders. Although Creon had a change of heart and was headed to the tomb to release Antigone, Creon's son Hæmon (who was engaged to Antigone) stabbed himself after seeing that Antigone had hanged herself in the tomb. Queen Eurydice, wife of King Creon, also kills herself following her son's death. She had been forced to weave throughout the entire story and her death alludes to The Fates.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』