Yellow is the color of gold, butter, and ripe lemons.〔"of the color of gold, butter or ripe lemons", ''Webster's New World Dictionary of the American Language'', The World Publishing Company, New York, 1964.〕 In the spectrum of visible light, and in the traditional color wheel used by painters, yellow is found between green and orange. It is a primary color in subtractive color, used in color printing, along with cyan, magenta, and black.
According to surveys in Europe and the United States, yellow is the color people most often associate with amusement, optimism, gentleness, and spontaneity, but also with duplicity, envy, jealousy, avarice, and, in the U.S., with cowardice. It plays an important role in Asian culture, particularly in China, where it is seen as the color of happiness, glory, wisdom, harmony and culture.〔Eva Heller (2000), ''Psychologie de la couleur - effets et symboliques'', pp. 69–86.〕
==Etymology and definitions==
The word ''yellow'' comes from the Old English ''geolu'', ''geolwe'' (oblique case), meaning "yellow, yellowish", derived from the Proto-Germanic word ''gelwaz'' "yellow". It has the same Indo-European base, ''gʰel-'', as the word ''yell''; ''gʰel-'' means both bright and gleaming, and to cry out. Yellow is a color which cries out for attention.〔''Webster's New World Dictionary of American English'', Third College Edition, (1988)〕
The English term is related to other Germanic words for ''yellow'', namely Scots (Scottish people) ''yella'', East Frisian ''jeel'', West Frisian ''giel'', Dutch ''geel'', German ''gelb'', and Swedish ''gul''.〔(Online Etymology Dictionary )〕 According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the oldest known use of this word in English is from ''The Epinal Glossary'' in 700.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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