''Via media'' is a Latin phrase meaning "the middle road" and is a philosophical maxim for life which advocates moderation in all thoughts and actions.
Originating from early Ancient Greek philosophy, where Aristotle (384–322 BCE) taught moderation, urging his students to follow the middle road between extremes, the ''via media'' was the dominant philosophical precept by which Ancient Roman civilisation and society was organised.
The term ''via media'' is frequently applied to the Anglican churches, though not without debate, as a term of apologetics frequently applied to the Church of England. The idea of a middle way, between the papalist Catholics and the radical Reformers, goes back to early in the Protestant Reformation, when theologians such as Martin Bucer, Thomas Cranmer and Heinrich Bullinger advocated a religious solution in which secular authority would hold the ring in the religious dispute, and ensure political stability.〔Diarmaid MacCulloch, ''Thomas Cranmer'' (1996), p. 179.〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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