A spur is a metal tool designed to be worn in pairs on the heels of riding boots for the purpose of directing a horse to move forward or laterally while riding. It is usually used to refine the riding aids (commands) and to back up the natural aids (the leg, seat, hands and voice). The spur is used in many equestrian disciplines. There are rules in most equestrian organizations about spur design, use and penalties for using spurs in any manner that constitutes animal abuse.
The very old word derives from Anglo-Saxon ''spura, spora'', related to ''spornan, spurnan'', to kick, ''spurn''; cf. Medieval High German ''Sporn'', modern German ''Sporn'', Dutch ''spoor'', Frisian ''spoar''.〔http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=spur〕 The generalized sense of "anything that urges on, stimulus" is recorded in English from circa 1390.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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