Softcore pornography or softcore porn is commercial still photography or film which has a pornographic or erotic component, but that is less sexually explicit and intensive than hardcore pornography. Softcore pornography is intended to be both sexually erotic and aesthetically beautiful. It's designed to a visual aphrodisiac – a seduction. It typically contains nude and semi-nude performers and sex scenes. Total nudity is now commonplace in magazines and photography,〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=P20th Century Nudes in Art )〕 and increasingly so in film and television.〔Williams, Rhys (June 8, 1999). "The censor goes public". The Independent (London).〕 It is also to be found on the Internet. Softcore pornography may also contain displays of sexuality, such as sexual intercourse or masturbation, though the sex is often a performance. Softcore pornography does not contain explicit depictions of vaginal or anal penetration, cunnilingus, fellatio and ejaculation. Depictions of erections of the penis may not be allowed (see Mull of Kintyre Test), although attitudes towards this are changing.
Commercial pornography can be differentiated from erotica, which has high-art aspirations.
Portions of images that are considered too explicit may be obscured in a variety of ways, such as the use of draped hair or clothing, carefully positioned hands or other body parts, carefully positioned foreground elements in the scene (often plants or drapery), and carefully chosen camera angles. Sexual acts depicted in softcore pornography are usually simulated (or at least not showing penetration) by the actor(s) and/or actress(es). The actors may wear latex genital covers to prevent physical contact. Film directors go to great lengths to obscure such covers on screen, but often fail to hide them completely.
Pornographic film makers sometimes make both hardcore and softcore versions of a film, with the softcore version using less explicit angles of sex scenes, or using the other techniques to "tone down" any objectionable feature. The softcore version may, for example, be edited for the in-house hotel pay-per-view market.
==Regulation and censorship==
Softcore films are commonly less regulated and restricted than hardcore pornography, and cater to a different market. In most countries softcore films are eligible for movie ratings, usually on a restricted rating, though many such films are also released unrated. As with hardcore films, availability of softcore films varies depending on local laws. They may be available for rent alongside non-softcore material in a video rental store venue, or available through online retailers. In some more restrictive jurisdictions such films may only be available in a sex shop. In countries which allow the rental of softcore films, there may be restrictions on the open display of the films. Also, the exhibition of such films may be restricted to those above a certain age, typically 18. At least one country, Germany, has different age limits for hardcore and softcore pornography, softcore material usually receiving a FSK-16 rating (no one under 16 allowed to buy) and hardcore material receiving a FSK-18 (no one under 18 allowed to buy). In some countries, broadcasting of softcore films is widespread on cable television networks, with some such as Cinemax producing their own in-house softcore films and television series.
In some countries, images of women's genitals are digitally manipulated so that they aren't too "detailed". An Australian pornographic actress says that images of her own genitals sold to pornographic magazines in different countries are digitally manipulated to change the size and shape of the labia according to censorship standards in different countries.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Labiaplasty and Censorship - is there a link? )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=BLAME IT ON THE BRAZILIAN )〕
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