A soap opera, soapie, or soap is a serial drama on television or radio which features related story lines about the lives of many characters. The stories usually focus on emotional relationships to the point of melodrama. The term ''soap opera'' originated from such dramas being typically sponsored by soap manufacturers in the past.〔
==Origin of the genre==
The first series considered to be a "soap opera" was ''Painted Dreams'', which debuted on October 20, 1930 on Chicago radio station WGN. Early radio series such as ''Painted Dreams'' were broadcast in weekday daytime slots, usually five days a week, when most of the listeners would be housewives; thus, the shows were aimed at and consumed by a predominantly female audience.〔Bowles, p. 118.〕 In the name, "soap" refers to the soap and detergent commercials originally broadcast during the shows, which were aimed at women who were cleaning their houses at the time of listening or viewing, and "opera" refers to the melodramatic character of the shows.
The first nationally broadcast radio soap opera was ''Clara, Lu, and Em'', which aired on the NBC Blue Network at 10:30 p.m. Eastern Time on January 27, 1931.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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