| small forward ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The small forward, also known as the three, is one of the five positions in a regulation basketball game and is commonly abbreviated as "SF". Small forwards are typically somewhat shorter, quicker, and leaner than power forwards and centers, but on occasion are just as tall. The small forward position is considered to be perhaps the most versatile of the five main basketball positions. In the NBA, small forwards usually range from 6' 6" (1.98 m) to 6' 9" (2.06 m) or taller. The typical placement for a small forward would be between the key and three-point line.
Small forwards are primarily responsible for scoring points, defending and also often as secondary or tertiary rebounders behind the power forward and center, although a few, such as Paul George and LeBron James, who play as point forwards have considerable passing responsibilities. Many small forwards in professional basketball, however, are prolific scorers. The styles with which small forwards amass their points vary widely, as some players at the position, such as Oklahoma City Thunder's Kevin Durant are very accurate straight up shooters, while others such as Metta World Peace (formerly Ron Artest) and Gerald Wallace prefer to "bang inside", initiate and/or not shy away from physical contact with opposing players, while others are primarily slashers such as Carmelo Anthony and LeBron James who also possess jumpshots. One common thread among all kinds of small forwards is an ability to "get to the line", that is, having opposing players called for committing shooting fouls against them, as fouls are frequently called on the defense when offensive players "take the ball hard" to the basket; that is, the offensive players aggressively attempt post-up plays, lay-ups, or slam dunks. Therefore, accurate foul shooting is an imperative skill for small forwards, many of whom record a large portion of their points at the foul line.
Defense is often a major priority for small forwards, who are often counted on to use their athleticism and size as defensive advantages. Kawhi Leonard, Nicolas Batum, Andrei Kirilenko, Luol Deng, Tayshaun Prince, and Trevor Ariza, with their height and athleticism, are able to guard many positions on the floor and are often called upon to do so. Former small forwards known for their defensive abilities include John Havlicek, Scottie Pippen, and Bruce Bowen, all of whom were staples on the NBA All-Defensive Team.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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