real and substantial connection
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In Canadian law, a real and substantial connection or the real and substantial connection test is a legal principle used to determine whether a subject matter falls within a jurisdiction. The phrase was first adopted in Canada in the Supreme Court of Canada decision of ''(Libman v. The Queen )'' (1985). It is used in several circumstances in matters of conflict of laws.
==Enforcement of foreign judgments==
The test is primarily used to determine whether a Canadian court will recognize a foreign judgment where there was service ex juris. Courts will usually recognize a judgment from a foreign province or nation where the claimant shows that there is a real and substantial connection between the subject matter of the litigation or the damages suffered and the jurisdiction issuing the judgment.
The foreign judgment must be final and the foreign court no longer has any power to change or rescind it.
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