open water swimming
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Open water swimming takes place in outdoor bodies of water such as open oceans, lakes, and rivers.
The beginning of the modern age of open water swimming is sometimes taken to be May 3, 1810, when Lord Byron swam several miles to cross the Hellespont (now known as the Dardanelles) from Europe to Asia.
In the first edition of the modern Olympic Games in Athens in 1896, the swimming competition was held in open water. In 2000, the Olympic Games first included a triathlon with a 1500 m swim leg, and in 2008, a 10 km open water swim. 5, 10, and 25 km open water races are included in the General Fina World Championships.
The activity has grown in popularity in recent years with the publication of bestselling books on "wild swimming" by authors such as Kate Rew and Daniel Start, and the influential ''Waterlog'' by Roger Deakin. Further developments have taken place with the American National Open Water Coaching Association with Rick Kiddle, Martin Alan and Robert Hamilton focusing on the safety, coaching development of open water swimming and advisory body to clubs, Governing Bodies.
== Racing techniques ==
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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