An eclogue is a poem in a classical style on a pastoral subject. Poems in the genre are sometimes also called bucolics.
The form of the word "eclogue" in contemporary English developed from Middle English ''eclog'', which came from Latin ''ecloga'', which came from Greek ''eklogē'' () in the sense "selection, literary product" (which was only one of the meanings it had in Greek).〔(American Heritage Dictionary )〕 The term was applied metaphorically to short writings in any genre, including parts of a poetic sequence or poetry book. The ancients referred to individual pieces in Virgil's ''Bucolica'' as ''eclogae'', and the term was used by later Latin poets to refer to their own pastoral poetry, often in imitation of Virgil. The combination of Virgil's influence and the persistence of pastoral poetry through the Renaissance imposed "eclogues" as the accepted term for the genre. Later Roman poets who wrote eclogues include Calpurnius and Nemesianus.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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