A dystopia (from the Greek δυσ- and τόπος, alternatively, cacotopia,〔
Cacotopia (κακό, caco = bad) was the term used by Jeremy Bentham in his 19th century works ((), ())〕 kakotopia, or simply anti-utopia) is a community or society that is undesirable or frightening.〔〔 It is translated as "not-good place", an antonym of ''utopia,'' a term that was coined by Sir Thomas More and figures as the title of his most well-known work, "Utopia." "Utopia" is the blueprint for an ideal society with no crime or poverty. Dystopian societies appear in many artistic works, particularly in stories set in a future. Some of the most famous examples are ''1984'' and ''Brave New World''. Dystopias are often characterized by dehumanization, totalitarian governments, environmental disaster, or other characteristics associated with a cataclysmic decline in society. Dystopian societies appear in many subgenres of fiction and are often used to draw attention to real-world issues regarding society, environment, politics, economics, religion, psychology, ethics, science, and/or technology, which if unaddressed could potentially lead to such a dystopia-like condition.
''Dystopia'' is derived from the term ''Utopia'', which was originally coined by Thomas More in his book of that title completed in 1516. "Utopia" is derived from the Greek words ''ou'' (), "not", and ''topos'' (), "place".
In the 17th century, the term came to be applied to any place or society
considered perfect or ideal, possibly by confusion with the Greek prefix ''eu-'' (as in ''eutopia'' "good place"), which would have coincided in English pronunciation.
''Dystopia'' was coined as the antonym of this latter meaning developed by ''Utopia'' to refer to an "imagined bad place", replacing the prefix with the "bad". It was first used by
J. S. Mill in one of his Parliamentary Speeches 1868 (''Hansard Commons'').
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