| capital district ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The Capital District, also known as the Capital Region, refers to the metropolitan area surrounding Albany, the capital of the U.S. state of New York. With a population of 1,170,483 (2013), the Capital District is the third largest metropolitan region in the state and the 45th largest in the country. Fortune 500 companies that have headquarters in Albany include American Express, CommerceHub, JPMorgan Chase & Co., Merrill Lynch, General Electric, Verizon, Goldman Sachs, International Paper, Key Bank, f.y.e. stores, and the Environment One Corporation.〔(【引用サイトリンク】 accessdate = 30 April 2009 )〕 In the 21st century, the Capital District has emerged as a major anchor of Tech Valley, the moniker describing the technologically-focused region of eastern New York State. The Capital District was first settled by the Dutch in the early 17th century and came under British control in 1664. Albany has been the permanent capital of the state of New York since 1797. The Capital District is notable for many historical events that predate the independence of the United States, including the Albany Plan of Union and The Battles of Saratoga.
== Etymology ==
The term Capital District is commonly used to refer to the area due to its location surrounding the state capital. This is similar to other capital districts throughout the world, all of which are associated with a respective capital city. The earliest reference to the name "Capital District" stems from the planned metropolitan area surrounding Albany, which was attempted by the state in the late 1760s comprising land that is now the cities of Albany, Troy, Rensselaer, Watervliet, and Cohoes; along with what are now the towns of Colonie (including the villages of Colonie and Menands), Green Island, North Greenbush, and East Greenbush. Later, Schenectady was added to this district as well.
In the 1810s several economic and government organizations covering the area also used Capital District in their name, such as the Capital District Conference of Charities and Corrections in 1813, the Capital District Life Underwriters Association also in 1813, and the Capital District Recreation League. The Capital District Recreation League, formed in 1816, proposed a Capital District Park (also referred to as the Six City Park) to be roughly from Albany, Cohoes, Rensselaer, Schenectady, Troy, and Watervliet. The location proposed was the area of the Shaker settlement.〔 The park was never created, though in 1928 the location was used for Albany International Airport for the same reason of its central location to those suburbs.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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