| academic degree ： ウィキペディア英語版|
An academic degree is the state of recognized completion of studies at a school or university. A diploma is generally issued in recognition of having satisfactorily completed the prescribed course of study. The two most common degrees awarded today are associate and bachelor's.
Higher education institutions commonly offer master’s, doctoral, academic certificates and professional degrees.
== Overview ==
The modern academic system of academic degrees evolved and expanded in the medieval university, spreading everywhere across the globe as the institution did:
::“No other European institution has spread over the entire world in the way in which the traditional form of the European university has done. The degrees awarded by European universities—the bachelor’s degree, the licentiate, the master’s degree, and the doctorate—have been adopted in the most diverse societies throughout the world."〔 Viewed April 3, 2012.〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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