| architect = Zachary Taylor Davis
| general_contractor = Blome-Sinek Company
| former_names = Weeghman Park (1914–1920)
Cubs Park (1920–1926)
| tenants = Chicago Whales (FL) (1914–1915)
Chicago Cubs (MLB) (1916–present)
Chicago Tigers (APFA) (1920)
Hammond Pros (NFL) (1920–1926)
Chicago Bears (NFL) (1921–1970)
Chicago Cardinals (NFL) (1931–1939)
Chicago Sting (NASL) (1977–1982; 1984) 〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://msn.foxsports.com/nhl/story/9004178/Hockey-adds-another-moment-to-Wrigley's-history )〕
| seating_capacity = 42,495
| dimensions = Left Field - 355 ft (108.2 m)
Left-Center Field - 368 ft (112.2 m)
Center Field - 400 ft (121.9 m)
Right-Center Field - 368 ft (112.2 m)
Right Field - 353 ft (107.6 m)
Backstop - 60.5 ft (18.4 m)
Outfield Wall Height
(Bleachers) - 11.5 ft (3.5 m)
(In corners) - 15 ft (4.6 m)
Wrigley Field is a baseball park located on the North Side of Chicago, Illinois, United States. It is the home of the Chicago Cubs, one of the city's two Major League Baseball (MLB) franchises.
It was built in 1914 as Weeghman Park for the Chicago Federal League baseball team, the Chicago Whales. The Cubs played their first game at Weeghman Park on April 20, 1916, defeating the Cincinnati Reds 7–6 in eleven innings. In November 1918, Weeghman resigned as team president. Chewing gum magnate William Wrigley, Jr. acquired complete control of the Cubs by 1921. It was called Cubs Park from 1920 through 1926, before officially becoming Wrigley Field for the 1927 season.
Located in the north side community area of Lakeview, Wrigley Field sits on an irregular block bounded by Clark (west) and Addison (south) Streets and Waveland (north) and Sheffield (east) Avenues. Wrigley Field is nicknamed ''The Friendly Confines'', a phrase popularized by "Mr. Cub", Hall of Famer Ernie Banks. The current seating capacity is 42,495. It is the oldest National League ballpark, the second-oldest active major league ballpark (after Fenway Park on April 20, 1912), and the only remaining Federal League park.
Wrigley Field is known for its ivy-covered brick outfield wall, the unusual wind patterns off Lake Michigan, the iconic red marquee over the main entrance, the hand-turned scoreboard, and for being the last major league park to have lights installed for play after dark, with lighting installed in 1988. The area surrounding the ballpark contains residential streets, in addition to bars, restaurants and other establishments, and is called Wrigleyville. Between 1921 and 1970, it was also the home of the Chicago Bears of the National Football League.
(詳細はCharles Weeghman hired Zachary Taylor Davis as architect for the park, which was ready for baseball by the date of the home opener on April 23, 1914. The original tenants, the Chicago Whales (also called the Chi-Feds) came in second in the Federal League rankings in 1914 and won the league championship in 1915.
In late 1915, Weeghman's Federal League folded. The resourceful Weeghman formed a syndicate including the chewing gum manufacturer William Wrigley Jr. to buy the Chicago Cubs from Charles P. Taft for about $500,000. Weeghman immediately moved the Cubs from the dilapidated West Side Grounds to his two-year-old park.
In 1918, Wrigley acquired the controlling interest in the club. In November 1926, he renamed the park "Wrigley Field".
In 1927, an upper deck was added, and in 1937, Bill Veeck, the son of the club president, planted ivy vines against the outfield walls.〔
Although Wrigley Field has been the home of the Cubs since 1916, it has yet to see the Cubs win a World Series, even though it has hosted several (1929, 1932, 1935, 1938, and 1945, the last time the Cubs appeared in a World Series). The last World Series win by the Cubs (1908) happened while the Cubs called West Side Park home.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』