WHO Model List of Essential Medicines
| World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines ： ウィキペディア英語版|
WHO Model List of Essential Medicines is published by the World Health Organization (WHO). The first list, published in 1977, included 204 pharmaceutical drugs. The WHO updates the list every two years. The WHO later added a separate WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children up to 12 years of age.
In April 2013, the WHO published the 18th edition of the adult list and 4th edition of the list for children. More than 130 countries have created national lists of essential medicines based on the WHO's model list.〔 The national lists contain between 334 and 580 medications.
The following list is based on the 19th edition of the WHO list published in April 2015.〔(【引用サイトリンク】 title=WHO moves to improve access to lifesaving medicines for hepatitis C, drug-resistant TB and cancers )〕
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