World Anti-Doping Agency
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The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA; (フランス語:Agence mondiale antidopage)) is a foundation created through a collective initiative led by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). It was set up on November 10, 1999 in Lausanne, Switzerland, as a result of what was called the "Declaration of Lausanne", to promote, coordinate and monitor the fight against drugs in sports. Since 2002, the organization's headquarters have been located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The Lausanne office became the regional office for Europe. Other regional offices have been established in Africa, Asia/Oceania and Latin America. WADA is responsible for the World Anti-Doping Code, adopted by more than 600 sports organizations, including internAtional sports federations, national anti-doping organizations, the IOC, and the International Paralympic Committee. , its president is Sir Craig Reedie.〔(Executive Committee ) at WADA official website, June 2014〕
Initially funded by the International Olympic Committee, WADA now receives half of its budgetary requirements from them, with the other half coming from various national governments. Its governing bodies are also composed in equal parts by representatives from the sporting movement (including athletes) and governments of the world. The agency's key activities include scientific research, education, development of anti-doping capacities and monitoring of the World Anti-Doping Code.
The highest decision-making authority in WADA is the 38-member foundation board, which is comprised equally of IOC representatives and representatives of national governments.〔 The Foundation Board appoints the agency's president. Most day-to-day management is delegated to a 12-member executive committee, membership of which is also split equally between the IOC and governments. There also exist several sub-committees with narrower remits, including a Finance and Administration Committee〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=https://www.wada-ama.org/en/who-we-are/governance/finance-administration-committeepublisher=WADA )〕 and an Athlete Committee peopled by athletes.
WADA is an international organisation. It delegates work in individual countries to Regional and National Anti-Doping Organisations (RADOs and NADOs) and mandates that these organisations are compliant with the World Anti-Doping Code.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=https://www.wada-ama.org/en/who-we-are/anti-doping-community/national-anti-doping-organizations-nado )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=https://www.wada-ama.org/en/who-we-are/anti-doping-community/regional-anti-doping-organizations-nado )〕 WADA also accredits around 30 laboratories to perform the required scientific analysis for doping control.
The statutes of WADA and the World Anti-Doping Code mandate the Court of Arbitration for Sport's ultimate jurisdiction in deciding doping-related cases.〔World Anti-Doping Agency: (2009 World Anti-Doping Code )〕
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