''Who's Who'' (or "''Who is Who''") is the title of a number of reference publications, generally containing concise biographical information on a particular group of people. The title is also used as an expression meaning a collection or group of noted persons; as in the sentence, "The actors in the film were a ''Who's Who'' of the great American comedians of the time".
The title "''Who's Who''" is in the public domain, and thousands of ''Who's Who'' compilations of varying scope and quality have been published by various authors and publishers. The oldest and best known is the annual British publication ''Who's Who'', a reference work on contemporary prominent people.
Many publications using the title are vanity publications, where the inclusion criterion is the biographee's willingness to buy the book, with the business model consisting of selling books directly to the biographees.
== Notable examples ==
* ''Who's Who'', a listing of prominent British people since 1849; people who have died since 1897 are listed in ''Who Was Who''
* ''Marquis Who's Who'', a series of books published by Marquis, primarily listing prominent American people but including ''Who's Who in the World''
* ''Who's Who in New Zealand'', twelve editions published at irregular intervals between 1908 and 1991
* ''Canadian Who's Who'', a listing of prominent Canadians since 1910
* ''Who's Who in Switzerland'', published from 1953 to 1996 and then ''Swiss Who's Who'', a listing of prominent Swiss since 2015
* ''Who's Who in Australia'', a listing of prominent Australians since 1923
* ''Who's Who in American Art'', a listing of prominent American artists
* ''Kraks Blå Bog'', Denmark's Who's Who
* ', a listing of prominent French or people living in France since 1953
* ''Who's Who in British History''
* ''Who's Who in Scotland'', a listing of prominent Scots since 1986
* ''Who's Who'', by Metron Publications, a listing of prominent Greeks since 1992
* ''Who's Who in the DC Universe'' a listing of DC Comics characters
* ''Who's Who Among American High School Students'' listing what it deems to be American high school and college students who particularly excel in the realm of academic achievement. The publishing company closed in 2007.
* ''Who's Who Among Students in American Universities & Colleges'', published by Randall-Reilly Publishing Co., LLC is a list of high achieving college students nominated by the college faculty.
* ''Who's Who in American Real Estate'', a resource tool of professional real estate agents in America since 1983.
* ''Who's Who of Southern Africa'', a resource tool of noteworthy people in Southern Africa, and a professional networking platform. It is not the same as the official print publication, but a website which anyone may join and create their own profile.
* ''Hinterland Who's Who'', a series of 60-second public service ads profiling Canadian animals and birds, produced by Environment Canada in the 1960s
* ''International Who's Who'' by Europa Publications, a Taylor and Francis imprint
* ''Who's Who in the CIA'', a book published in East Berlin in 1968 with the assistance of the KGB and the HVA purporting to reveal the identities of thousands of CIA officers.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』