The wedding of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine Middleton took place on 29 April 2011 at Westminster Abbey in London, England. The groom, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, is the eldest son of Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales, and second, after his father, in line to succeed his grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II.
The bride, Catherine "Kate" Middleton is the eldest of three children of Michael and Carole Middleton of Bucklebury Manor at Pease Hill, Berkshire. The Dean of Westminster, John Hall, presided at the service; the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, conducted the marriage; Richard Chartres, the Bishop of London, preached the sermon; and a reading was given by the bride's brother, James. William's best man was his brother, Prince Harry, while the bride's sister, Pippa, was maid of honour. The ceremony was attended by the bride's and groom's families, as well as many foreign royals, diplomats, and the couple's chosen personal guests. After the ceremony, the couple made the traditional appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace. As Prince William was not the heir apparent to the throne, the wedding was not a full state occasion and many details were left to the couple to decide, such as much of the guest list of about 1,900.
Prince William and Kate Middleton met in 2001. Their engagement on 20 October 2010 was announced on 16 November 2010. The build-up to the wedding and the occasion itself attracted much media attention, being compared in many ways with the 1981 marriage of William's parents. The occasion was a public holiday in the United Kingdom and featured many ceremonial aspects, including use of the state carriages and roles for the Foot Guards and Household Cavalry. Events were held around the Commonwealth to mark the wedding; organisations and hotels held events across Canada,〔(【引用サイトリンク】 title=Royal Wedding Events )〕 over 5,000 street parties were held throughout the United Kingdom, and one million people lined the route between Westminster Abbey and Buckingham Palace.〔(the Sun )〕〔(Reuters )〕 The ceremony was viewed live by tens of millions more around the world, including 72 million live streams on YouTube.〔(Independent )〕 In the United Kingdom, television audiences peaked at 26.3 million viewers, with a total of 36.7 million watching part of the coverage.
Prince William is the elder son of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales, and grandson of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. As such, he is second, after his father, in the line of succession to the thrones of 16 independent states known as the Commonwealth realms. Before the service, the Queen conferred upon William the titles Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Strathearn, and Baron Carrickfergus. Upon her marriage, Middleton therefore became ''Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge''.〔William's new titles are drawn, respectively, from England, Scotland and Northern Ireland.〕
Prince William was educated at Ludgrove School, Eton College, and the University of St Andrews, after which he was commissioned as an officer from Sandhurst in the Blues and Royals regiment of the Household Cavalry. He later transferred to the RAF and went on to become a full-time pilot with the Search and Rescue Force at RAF Valley, Anglesey.
Catherine "Kate" Middleton is the eldest of three children born to Michael and Carole Middleton. She was educated at St Andrew's School in Pangbourne, Marlborough College, and the University of St Andrews. After graduating, she worked in retail and then as an accessories buyer/catalogue photographer at her parents' business.〔(【引用サイトリンク】 title=About us )〕 She is primarily of English descent, but with a few distant Scottish and French Huguenot ancestors. Her paternal family, the Middletons and Luptons, came from Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire. Her mother's maternal family, the Harrisons, were working-class labourers and miners from County Durham.
The couple met while undergraduates at St Andrews, where they both lived at St Salvator's Hall during their first year, after which they shared accommodation in the town for two years.
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