The Washington, D.C. mayoral election of 2010 took place on Tuesday, November 2, 2010.〔(【引用サイトリンク】work=District of Columbia Board of Elections & Ethics )〕 The primary elections occurred on September 14, 2010.〔(【引用サイトリンク】work=District of Columbia Board of Elections & Ethics )〕 Vincent Gray won the general election by a wide margin, although many voters wrote in incumbent Mayor Adrian Fenty, whom Gray defeated in the primary.〔
Polls show incumbent Mayor Adrian Fenty faced significantly reduced public support. On January 31, 2010, ''The Washington Post'' reported the results of a voter survey which showed that Fenty's job approval rating was at an all-time low of 42 percent. His support among African American voter support dropped to 29 percent from 68 percent, while his support among whites dropped to 57 percent from 78 percent. Fenty had a 42-percent job-approval rating, and more than four in 10 voters doubted his honesty, empathy, and openness.〔
Adrian Fenty's 2010 mayoral campaign is on pace to break every fundraising record in D.C. On July 31, 2009, prior to Vincent Gray entering the race, Fenty's campaign exceeded its 2006 primary fundraising total of $2.4 million. By June 2010, donors had given Fenty's campaign $4.2 million, while Gray had raised $561,000.
Council Chairman Vincent C. Gray officially entered the mayoral race on March 30, 2010, after long anticipation and speculation about his entrance. Running on the slogan "One City. Leadership We Need", Gray proclaimed that "DC can do better" to a crowd gathered at the Reeves Center the day of his announcement.
Some voters compliment Fenty for improvements in the District since he took office, while other voters criticize him for his aloof style. Some voters believe that as mayor, Gray would bring fiscal mismanagement and poor city services that existed in the early 1990s while he worked for the District government.〔
In his State of the District speech, Fenty noted improvements in students' test scores and a record-low rate homicide rate. Fenty also discussed the new psychiatric hospital at St. Edwards, new housing for homeless people, and a new recreation center in Deanwood.〔 Fenty has contrasted the improvements in the District under his administration with the high crime rate and low school test scores in the 1990s. Fenty has also talked nearly a dozen new housing projects he facilitated that have brought about 11,000 affordable apartments to the District. Fenty has also pointed to the new supermarkets and restaurants that have opened in Wards 7 and 8 during his administration.〔
During an interview, Chancellor of the District of Columbia Public Schools system Michelle Rhee said that she "could not imagine doing this job without the kind of unequivocal support" from Mayor Fenty. During another interview, Rhee said that Fenty "has not disappointed me one time in the last three years. I would not work under a mayor who was not focused on education in the same way, as dedicated to making some of the really difficult decisions. I think the chairman is certainly interested in education reform. I think that he...is committed to this city and its progress, certainly. But in terms of what I'm talking about with Mayor Fenty and his willingness to make some very difficult decisions, that though may have been unpopular with the adults, they are absolutely the right thing to do for the kids and for the system, no, I haven't seen the same thing with the chairman."
Gray's campaign released an education plan, which included holding teachers accountable for student performance and paying them accordingly, strengthening the office of the deputy mayor for education, increasing infant and toddler care, and giving a tax credit for child and dependent care. Gray has said he would keep Rhee's reforms in place as mayor, but Gray has not said whether he would retain Rhee as chancellor.〔
Fenty has criticized Gray for his record as director of the Department of Human Services during former mayor Sharon Pratt's administration.〔 During a local radio show, Fenty criticized Gray for mismanaging the Department of Human Services .〔 Gray has responded to the criticism, saying that he enacted several improvements as director, including in the area of homelessness.〔
Leo Alexander has criticized Fenty for allowing teachers to be fired, and he criticized Gray for doing nothing to stop the firings as Council Chair. Alexander has said that both Gray and Fenty both want to keep the District generally the same as it is now. Gray responded that the Council had no authority to stop the firings, but Alexander recalled that former Council Chair John Ray had successfully done so during former mayor Marion Barry's administration.〔 Alexander has also blamed businesses who hire illegal immigrants for the District's unemployment rate.〔
On September 15, 2010, the District of Columbia Board of Elections and Ethics reported unofficial results, with Gray receiving 53 percent of the vote compared to Fenty's 46 percent. Gray won as much as 80% of the vote in predominantly black areas east of the Anacostia River, but did poorly in the city's wealthier northwest, winning just 13% in one Georgetown precinct.〔Tim Craig (Gray: 'Onus is on me' to assure D.C.'s wary voters )''Washington Post'' October 5, 2010〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
■ウィキペディアで「Washington, D.C. mayoral election, 2010」の詳細全文を読む