Victoria University (VU) is a dual-sector tertiary institution (higher education and TAFE) based in Melbourne, Australia.
VU is a public university that offers seven academic colleges: Arts, Business, Education, Engineering and Science, Health and Biomedicine, Law and Justice, and Sport and Exercise. In addition, VU's Victoria Institute of Technology provides vocational education and training.
Students undertaking postgraduate studies have the opportunity to align theoretical frameworks with practical research, with VU hosting access to six research institutes and seven research centers. Research focus areas are built around three themes: Sport, Health and Active Living, Education, Lifelong Learning and Workforce Development, and Sustainable Industries and Livable Cities.
The University has several campuses in Melbourne's CBD and western region, including two in Footscray, and one in Sydney. It also offers courses at partner institutions throughout Asia, including China, India, Kuwait, Malaysia, Singapore and Vietnam. More than 47,000 students, including around 15,000 international students, studied VU courses worldwide in 2014.
In 2016, VU will celebrate its 25th anniversary as a university, which will also mark its centenary as an educational institution.
The idea for a technical school based in the western suburbs of Melbourne was first proposed in 1910. The Footscray Technical School opened its doors to 220 students and 9 teachers in 1916 after 5 years of fund raising.
Charles Archibald Hoadley was the school's principal from its founding until his death in 1947. His vision was to aid and distinguish students who had not only a sound technical knowledge, but also an appreciation of the arts, sports, outdoor and community activities. He believed in educating students "for life as well as for living" and wanted students to view education as opening the doors of opportunity.
Under Hoadley's leadership, the school expanded rapidly and began offering trade certificate courses, diplomas in architecture, building and contracting, as well as evening classes. War and the Depression saw a dip in numbers. However, by 1943 there were 2500 students enrolled in courses taught at the Footscray Park and Footscray Nicholson campuses.
The following decades saw gender and cultural shifts. Women first enrolled in day diploma course in 1960, and changes to the Federal Government's immigration policy resulted in many more European and Asian names entered on the roll.
In 1958, the school changed its name to the Footscray Technical College. Ten years later, it changed its name again, this time to Footscray Institute of Technology (FIT). The secondary school component was separated from the rest of the Institute in 1972.
By the mid-1970s, the expanded curriculum included degree courses, and was well beyond the technical focus of the original Footscray Technical School.
Further changes occurred in the 1980s with the technical and trades education section separating from FIT to form the Footscray and Newport Colleges of TAFE.
In 1990, FIT merged with the Western Institute, which had been founded three years earlier to provide TAFE and higher education courses to the outlying suburbs in Melbourne's west. In 1990, it was established as a university by the Victorian State Parliament as Victoria University of Technology.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/vic/repealed_act/vuota1990395/ )〕 A further amalgamation occurred in 1998, this time with the Western Melbourne Institute of TAFE. In 2005, The Victoria University of Technology Act 1990 was amended to rename the university as Victoria University, reflecting the development of the University's teaching research into wider domains.
The institutions that combined to form VU over more than 80 years, include:
* Footscray Technical School, renamed Footscray Technical College and later Footscray Institute of Technology
* Newport Technical College, renamed Newport College of TAFE
* Melbourne School of Hairdressing
* School of Painting, Decorating and Sign Crafts
* Melbourne Technical College of Hairdressing
* Melbourne College of Decoration
* Footscray College of TAFE
* Flagstaff College of TAFE
* Western Institute
* Gellibrand College of TAFE, renamed Western Metropolitan College of TAFE
* Western Melbourne Institute of TAFE
* Victoria University of Technology
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