| Victoria Gillick ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Victoria D. M. Gillick (née Gudgeon; born 1946 in Hendon) is a British campaigner best known for the eponymous 1985 UK House of Lords ruling〔(1983: Mother loses contraception test case, BBC News )〕 that considered whether contraception could be prescribed to under-16s without parental consent or knowledge. The ruling established the term "Gillick competence" to describe whether a minor (below the age of 16) is able to consent to his or her own medical treatment, without the need for parental permission or knowledge.
A Roman Catholic and the mother of 10 children including five daughters, Gillick began her campaign in 1980 in response to a DHSS circular issuing guidance on contraceptive prescribing. After it was considered in lower courts, the House of Lords ruled that in some circumstances a minor could consent to treatment, and that in these circumstances a parent had no power to veto treatment.
In 2000, Gillick lost a libel action〔(Victoria Gillick 'broke' after losing libel case, Daily Telegraph. )〕 against the Brook Advisory Centres which she claimed accused her of being "morally responsible" for a rise in teenage pregnancies. Costs of £4,298.15 were awarded against her.
In 2002 she won an apology and damages amounting to £5000 and costs.〔(Morals campaigner wins damages, BBC News. )〕
She is married to Cambridgeshire County Councillor and UKIP member Gordon Gillick,〔("Ukip councillor Gordon Gillick: 'Poor, badly educated people are fat because they like it'" The Independent, 24 July 2014 )〕 and mother of painter James Gillick and sculptor Theodore Gillick.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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