The Uyu River, also pronounced Uru River (''Uyu Chaung'' in Burmese), is a river in northern Myanmar, formerly Burma. It is a major tributary of the Chindwin River, itself the largest tributary of the country's chief river, the Ayeyarwady. Its source lies in the Hukawng Valley of Kachin State, and it takes a southwesterly course through a fertile and well irrigated valley. It enters the Chindwin on the left bank at Homalin in Sagaing Division.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=CHINDWIN )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Chindwin River )〕
Hpakant, situated in the headwaters of the Uyu, is the only place in the world where the best quality jade known as jadeite is mined.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Hpakan Other Rock Mine(Myanmar) )〕 Sand and stones deposited from the jade mines have impeded the flow during the monsoons and caused flooding with damage to the roads. 'Gold boats' that mine the riverbed for precious metals began to appear in the 1990s along the 215 km stretch of the Uyu from Haungpa to Homalin. A cleanup plan by a government-appointed special environment committee started in May 2004 with a ban on gold digging, and the jade miners were made responsible for the rehabilitation of a 26 km stretch out of the badly damaged 40 km of the river between Lonkin and Haungpa.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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